Published papers authored by Executive Director Steven Svoboda and other ARC associates.

Medically Unnecessary Genital Cutting and the Rights of the Child: Moving Toward Consensus
Author: Brussels Collaboration on Bodily Integrity
Publication: American Journal of Bioethics (AJOB)
Year: 2019

Is Circumcision Unethical and Unlawful? A Response to Morris et al.
Author: Svoboda, Adler, Van Howe
Publication: Journal of Medical Law and Ethics (JMLE)
Year: 2019

Circumcision registry promotes precise research and fosters informed parental decisions
Author: Van Howe, Frisch, Adler, Svoboda
Publication: BMC Medical Ethics
Year: 2019

Nontherapeutic Circumcision of Minors as an Ethically Problematic Form of Iatrogenic Injury
Author: Svoboda
Publication: AMA Journal of Ethics – American Medical Association
Year: 2017

Circumcision is Unethical and Unlawful
Author: Svoboda, Adler, Van Howe
Publication: Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics (JLME)
Year: 2016

Growing World Consensus to Leave Circumcision Decision to Affected Individual
Author: Svoboda
Publication: American Journal of Bioethics (AJOB)
Year: 2015

Circumcision is a Religious/Cultural Procedure, Not a Medical Procedure
Author: Svoboda
Publication: JAMA Pediatrics – Journal of the American Medical Association
Year: 2014

Non-therapeutic circumcision – The problem of advocacy-based medicine
Author: Svoboda, Van Howe
Publication: Journal of Medical Ethics (JME) E-Letter
Year: 2014

Circumcision: A bioethical challenge
Author: Svoboda, Van Howe
Publication: Journal of Medical Ethics (JME) E-Letter
Year: 2014

Circumcision of Male Infants as a Human Rights Violation
Author: Svoboda
Publication: Journal of Medical Ethics (JME)
Year: 2013

Promoting Genital Autonomy by Exploring Commonalities Between Male, Female, Intersex, and Cosmetic Female Genital Cutting
Author: Svoboda
Publication: Global Discourse
Year: 2013

Tortured Bodies, Tortured Doctrines – Informed Consent as a Legal Fiction Inapplicable to Neonatal Male Circumcision
Author: Svoboda
Publication: Springer
Year: 2013

Out of Step: Fatal Flaws in the Latest AAP Policy Report on Neonatal Circumcision
Author: Svoboda, Van Howe
Publication: Journal of Medical Ethics (JME)
Year: 2013

Financially, Ethically and Legally, Circumcision is Unsuitable to Combat AIDS and HIV: Letter in response to Young et al.
Author: Svoboda
Publication: Pediatrics
Year: 2012

Genital Integrity and Gender Equity
Author: Svoboda
Publication: Thymos
Year: 2010

Please Focus on Stopping FGC and MGC; Keep Our Children Safe: Letter re AAP Flip-Flop on Ritual Genital Cutting of Female Minors
Author: Svoboda
Publication: Pediatrics
Year: 2010

Review of Hernlund Shell-Duncan ‘Transcultural Bodies’
Author: Svoboda
Publication: Social and Legal Studies
Year: 2010

‘Three-Fourths Were Abnormal’ – Misha’s Case, Sick Societies, and the Law
Author: Svoboda, Denniston, Milos, Hodges
Publication: ‘Genital Autonomy – Protecting Personal Choice’
Year: 2010

Review of Thomson ‘Endowed’
Author: Svoboda
Publication: Social and Legal Studies
Year: 2009

A Treatise from the Trenches: Why Are Circumcision Lawsuits So Hard to Win?
Author: Svoboda, Denniston, Milos, Hodges
Publication: ‘Circumcision and Human Rights’
Year: 2009

Neonatal Circumcision is Neither Medically Necessary nor Ethically Permissible: A Response to Clark et al.
Author: Van Howe, Svoboda
Publication: Medical Science Monitor
Year: 2008

Neonatal Pain Relief and the Helsinki Declaration
Author: Van Howe, Svoboda
Publication: Health Care
Year: 2008

A Rose By Any Other Name? Symmetry and Asymmetry in Male and Female Genital Cutting
Author: Svoboda, Darby
Publication: C. Zabus ed. Fearful Symmetries book
Year: 2008

A Rose by Any Other Name? Rethinking the Similarities and Differences between Male and Female Genital Cutting
Author: Darby, Svoboda
Publication: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
Year: 2007

Genital Integrity and Gender Equity
Author: Svoboda, Denniston, Milos, Hodges
Publication: ‘Bodily Integrity and Politics of Circumcision’
Year: 2006

HIV Infection and Circumcision: Cutting Through the Hyperbole
Author: Van Howe, Svoboda, Hodges
Publication: Journal of the Royal Society
Year: 2005

Educating the United Nations About Circumcision
Author: Svoboda, Denniston
Publication: ‘Flesh and Blood’
Year: 2004

Circumcision – A Victorian Relic Lacking Ethical, Medical, or Legal Justification
Author: Svoboda
Publication: American Journal of Bioethics (AJOB)
Year: 2003

HIV transmission in Africa in ways other than heterosexual sex
Author: Van Howe, Svoboda
Publication: International Journal of STD and AIDS
Year: 2003

Male Circumcision: Pain, Trauma and Psychosexual Sequelae
Author: Boyle, Goldman, Svoboda, Fernandez
Publication: Journal of Health Psychology
Year: 2002

Prophylactic Interventions on Children: Balancing Human Rights with Public Health
Author: Hodges, Svoboda, Van Howe
Publication: Journal of Medical Ethics (JME)
Year: 2002

Circumcision Medically, Religiously, and Legally Unjustified
Author: Svoboda
Publication: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Year: 2002

Circumcision: A Violent Ritual in Search of a Rationale
Author: Svoboda
Publication: Birthing, Satya, etc.
Year: 2001

Tax Dollar Funding of Medically Unnecessary Circumcisions Through Medicaid
Author: Craig, Cruz, Denniston, Svoboda, Travis
Publication: International Coalition for Genital Integrity
Year: 2001

The Limits of the Law: Comparative Analysis of Legal and Extralegal Methods to Control Child Body Mutilation Practices
Author: Svoboda, Denniston, Hodges, Milos
Publication: ‘Understanding Circumcision’
Year: 2001

Circumcision of Healthy Boys: Criminal Assault?
Author: Boyle, Svoboda, Price, Turner
Publication: Journal of Law and Medicine
Year: 2000

Informed Consent for Neonatal Circumcision: An Ethical and Legal Conundrum
Author: Svoboda, Van Howe, Dwyer
Publication: Journal of Contemporary Health Law and Policy (JCHLP)
Year: 2000

Circumcision of Boys: A Serious Male Health Problem
Author: Svoboda, Boyle, Price
Publication: Everyman
Year: 2000

Attaining International Acknowledgement of Male Genital Mutilation as a Human Rights Violation
Author: Svoboda, Denniston, Hodges, Milos
Publication: ‘Male and Female Circumcision’
Year: 1999

Involuntary Circumcision: The Legal Issues
Author: Van Howe, Svoboda, Dwyer, Price
Publication: British Journal of Urology International
Year: 1999

Routine Infant Male Circumcision – Examining the Human Rights and Constitutional Issues
Author: Svoboda
Publication: ‘Sexual Mutilations – A Human Tragedy’
Year: 1996