Is Circumcision Legal? - Peter W. Adler
In his article published by the Journal of Law and Public Interest, Peter Adler shows that in the 21st century, the material facts about circumcision are known and the law is clear. Circumcision is dangerous, harms all boys and men, benefits few, if any, and any benefits can be achieved more easily and effectively without it. Boys, like girls and adults, have an absolute right to genital integrity under the common law, constitutional law, criminal law, tort law, and human rights law. Physicians cannot ethically or lawfully operate on healthy children, and parents' religious or other beliefs are of no account. In fact, physicians and parents have a duty to protect their children from non-therapeutic genital cutting. Circumcision is illegal: let us count the ways.